Home / Funny / Viral / Old Manuscripts About The Rise And Fall Of Aztec Empire Discovered In Mexico


Scholars who study history use these ancient documents as a means of comprehending and piecing together the various cultures. The codices of San Andrés Tetepilco, three pictographic records of Mexican history from the 16th and 17th centuries—a pivotal time in the country's history—serve as an example of such documents. During this time, the Aztec empire gave way to the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The Mexican government has finally retrieved these invaluable records after many years of effort. 

Two hundred codices from Mexico's extensive collection are housed at the National Library of Anthropology and History (BNAH). These pieces' names come from the Latin word codex, which describes manuscript text or imagery that represents and records the artistic output of the major Mesoamerican civilisations—the Aztec, Mayan, Zapotec, and Olmec—which were found in central and southern Mexico as well as portions of Central America. 

The mixed content of the San Andrés Tetepilco codices—most Precolumbian documents lack indigenous paintings and texts in Spanish or Nahuatl, but these use the European alphabet—makes them especially significant. Tests conducted on the codices by Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) to evaluate their condition revealed that they were made on amate (bark) paper, which was then covered with a layer of plaster, cochineal lacquer, and plant-and charcoal-based inks in the colours red, blue, black, and ochre yellow. 

The first codice recounts the founding of San Andrés Tetepilco, a town that has been renamed for centuries despite being absorbed by Mexico City's sprawl. The San Andrés Tetepilco church's assets are displayed in the second and most damaged list. “A formal narration of Tenochtitlan’s history through four main themes: the city’s founding in the 14th century; records of pre-Hispanic tlatoque lords; the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in 1519; and the viceroyalty period until 1611,” is how INAH describes the third, which is considered the most significant. The codices have belonged to a long-standing, anonymous family from Mexico City's Coyoacán neighbourhood for many generations. Academics saw them on a computer screen for the first time only fifteen years ago. The family that possessed these historical manuscripts received 9.5 million pesos, or roughly $500,000, from the Mexican government after years of investigation and negotiation. Before being kept in BNAH's codex collection, a priceless repository that has been a part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Register since 1997, the codices will first go through conservation procedures. 

Adorable Baby Penguins Make Their Way Off An Icy Cliff To Go Swimming For The First Time
Image Captures The Mesmerising Magnetic Field Of Black Hole In The Milky Way
Global Life Expectancy Increased To 6.2 Years Longer
Painting Saved During Notre-Dame Fire Now Back Where They Belong
Teen Chess Prodigy Solves Problems Without Seeing The Board
Japan Celebrates 250th Independence Day By Gifting U.S. 250 Cherry Trees
Ongoing Pompeii Excavation Reveals New Wall Painting
Employee At Munich Museum Fired For Hanging His Own Artwork During An Exhibition
58-Year-Old Woman Beats Record For Longest Plank By Holding It For 4.5 Hours